Our environment protection activity is based on systematic monitoring of ecological data and oriented on minimization of negative impact on the environment. We pay particular attention to appraising and decreasing ecological risks. One important issue is forming an integrated system of environment protection management, which enables us to take into account all significant ecological aspects and administer them.
Significant funds are invested annually into projects implementing resource-saving and low-waste modern technologies, upgrading existing technological processes, and other measures aimed at alleviating negative impact on the environment. Integrated modernization projects are among the most efficient ways to do so, not only economically, but also ecologically. They do not only boost quality of production, but also help radically decrease impact on the environment.
For example, due to integrated reconstruction of the Izhstal plant’s electric steel-making shop, gross emission of pollutants went down by 60%. Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant brought down gross emission of pollutants by 30% over the past few years due to upgrading its gas-purifying equipment.
In 2008, Mechel created Mechel-Materials, whose main task is to process steelmaking waste. Its work helps dramatically decrease the amount of slag accumulated at Chelyabinsk and Beloretsk Metallurgical Plants as well as other Mechel facilities. Apart from waste reprocessing, the company also tackles the need to recultivate bulk waste storage sites.
Revegetation and restoration of areas violated by industrial activity are held by all of the Group’s mining facilities. For instance, in recent years Yakutugol Holding Company undertook technical and biological recultivation of over 70 hectares of exhausted pit surface area, planting over 35,000 saplings of local trees and sowing over 2,000 tonnes of grass seeds. Recultivation works are being done on the basis of existing technical documentation, with recommendations from experienced experts on environment protection and restoration.
At Southern Kuzbass Coal Company’s facilities, over the past few years some 400,000 saplings were planted on 150 hectares of mined areas. In order to decrease the impact on bodies of water, mining enterprises repair and reconstruct water cleansing equipment. In order to decrease waste emissions into air, washing plants install modern dust and gas cleansing equipment.
Korshunov Mining Plant takes part in the program for restoring fish resources in the Ust-Ilyimsk and Bratsk reservoirs. Every year since 2007, hundreds of thousands of juvenile pelad and lake herring bred with the enterprise’s funding are released into Irkutsk Region’s waters.
Implementing integrated modernization as well as ecological programs at each facility enable Mechel to consistently decrease the impact its enterprises have on the environment.